Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life. Also called vitamin B5, pantothenic acid is an essential nutrient involved in the cycle of energy production and needed for neurotransmitter production.
In addition, it is a key element for several functions of the human body such as producing, transporting and releasing energy from fats as well as synthesis of carbohydrates and proteins.
Pantothenic acid is an essential element for the synthesis of cholesterol, also activating the adrenal glands. Panthetine is a byproduct of pantothenic acid and has been reported to lower blood levels of cholesterol.
Both products, pantothenic acid and pantethine, have been used to reduce high cholesterol levels as well as high triglycerides, and may also support rheumatoid arthritis acne, and lupus.
Only a few foods have high concentration of panthothenic acid. Royal jelly (a honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of the larvae) and salmon are the most significant sources. Liver, yeast, dairy, eggs grains and meat also provide reasonable amounts of this type of vitamin B.
However, supplementation is necessary for significant results. Researchers have been using pantethine to reduce cholesterol with doses from 500mg to 1000mg a day being recommended. The same dosage has been used to fight high triglycerides. Multi vitamins provide anywhere between 10mg to 25mg, normally enough to improve acid status.
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