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Vitamins During Pregnancy

Filed Under: Baby and Child Health,Vitamins and Minerals,Women's Health at 4:02 pm | By: Dr. Jeremy Wolf, ND & Lead Wellness Advisor
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Pregnancy is one of the most talked about terms in medicine. Making sure that both the mother and fetus stay healthy throughout the pregnancy is very important.  A balanced diet is the best way for your baby to receive nutrients during the pregnancy. Vitamins should only be used to ensure you are receiving the proper amount of nutrients and should not in any way replace a healthy diet.   A healthy diet is one that consists of a variety of vegetables, fruits, proteins, and fats. Calories are very important for pregnant women during pregnancy. They provide energy, aid in the expansion of red blood cells, as well as aid in the growth of the uterus and breasts. I’m going to discuss some of the supplements and why they are important for you and your growing baby.

The majority of the vitamins and the dosage needed can be found in a good prenatal multivitamin.

  1. Vitamin A – Important for reproduction, healthy skin, and promoting normal vision.  Recommended dose 2,500-5,000 IU/day.
  2. Vitamin C – Aids in the absorption of iron.
  3. Vitamin D – Vital in the development of fetal teeth and bone as well as necessary for metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. Recommended dose 400 IU/day.
  4. Vitamin E – A very potent antioxidant that helps in maintaining cell integrity. Recommended dose 200-800 IU/day.
  5. Vitamin K – Aids in the prevention of neonatal hemorrhage. Recommended dose not established.
  6. B6–Prevents morning sickness, preeclampsia, and diabetes.
  7. B12 – Functions in protein metabolism and DNA synthesis.

Minerals are also important throughout your pregnancy.

  1. Iron– Statuses decline during pregnancy because the fetus consumes what maternal iron is stored.  It is important that mom consults with her healthcare practitioner for the amount of iron she should be taking to help prevent anemia and other iron deficiency conditions.
  2. Folic acid-Helps prevent neural tube defects and low birth weight infants. It also prevents megaloblastic anemia and increases protein effectiveness in the body. Recommended dose 400-800 micrograms/day.
  3. Calcium– Another mineral important to supplement during pregnancy as it has been found to increase bone mineral density in offspring. Recommended dose between 900-1200mg/day.
  4. Zinc-Necessary for DNA and protein synthesis as well as for the prevention of congenital malformations. Recommended dose 15mg/day.

Besides vitamins and minerals, Omega 3 acids such as DHA, play a vital role in the development of the brain, central nervous system, and visual system.  Fetuses rely on DHA from their mother so it is imperative that the mother has adequate intake in her diet and supplements. Recommended dosage 200-300mg/day.

Choline is an essential nutrient needed for proper brain development. Studies have shown that high choline diets during pregnancy resulted in improved cognitive function in offspring. Recommended dose around 450mg/day.

Probiotics have shown to reduce the risk of allergies and eczema in offspring during pregnancy. These are also important because infants are born with a sterile intestinal tract. The mother’s flora is needed to build the intestinal flora of the baby.

All supplements should be prescribed by your healthcare provider or under direct supervision of a healthcare provider. These dosages are only recommendations and are not in any way meant to replace any dosage prescribed by your doctor. Please consult your healthcare provider before changing or including supplements in your daily routine.

 




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